Purpose: To provide proof of principle of safety, breast tumor–specific uptake, and positive tumor margin assessment of the systemically administered near-infrared fluorescent tracer bevacizumab–IRDye800CW targeting VEGF-A in patients with breast cancer.
Experimental Design: Twenty patients with primary invasive breast cancer eligible for primary surgery received 4.5 mg bevacizumab–IRDye800CW as intravenous bolus injection. Safety aspects were assessed as well as tracer uptake and tumor delineation during surgery and ex vivo in surgical specimens using an optical imaging system. Ex vivo multiplexed histopathology analyses were performed for evaluation of biodistribution of tracer uptake and coregistration of tumor tissue and healthy tissue.
Results: None of the patients experienced adverse events. Tracer levels in primary tumor tissue were higher compared with those in the tumor margin (P < 0.05) and healthy tissue (P < 0.0001). VEGF-A tumor levels also correlated with tracer levels (r = 0.63, P < 0.0002). All but one tumor showed specific tracer uptake. Two of 20 surgically excised lumps contained microscopic positive margins detected ex vivo by fluorescent macro- and microscopy and confirmed at the cellular level.
Conclusions: Our study shows that systemic administration of the bevacizumab–IRDye800CW tracer is safe for breast cancer guidance and confirms tumor and tumor margin uptake as evaluated by a systematic validation methodology. The findings are a step toward a phase II dose-finding study aimed at in vivo margin assessment and point to a novel drug assessment tool that provides a detailed picture of drug distribution in the tumor tissue. Clin Cancer Res; 1–12. ©2016 AACR.
Note: Supplementary data for this article are available at Clinical Cancer Research Online (http://clincancerres.aacrjournals.org/).
V. Ntziachristos and G.M. van Dam are co-last authors of this article.
- Received February 20, 2016.
- Revision received October 21, 2016.
- Accepted October 22, 2016.
- ©2016 American Association for Cancer Research.